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  • Corticosteroids nasal spray
  • Echinacea
  • Garlic
  • Ipratropium Bromide Nasal spray
  • NSAIDs
  • Paracetamol
  • Steam inhalation
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Treatments for Treatment of Common Cold in Adults With cold

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Ipratropium Bromide Nasal spray (RX)

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Helpful

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 7 studies with 2,144 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for runny nose
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Ipratropium Bromide Nasal Spray. 7 valid studies conducted, with 2,144 individuals. Effective in relieving runny nose. Minor side effects include dry nose and bloody nose.

Antihistamine and analgesic combination (OTC)

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Helpful

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 3 studies with 1,508 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains and sneezing
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with Antihistamine and Analgesic OTC combination. 3 valid studies conducted, with 1,508 participants. Reduces fever, pain and perhaps sneezing, and improves general feeling (but does not seem to reduce cough, runny nose, and stuffy nose). Side effects seem minor, when sticking to recommended dosage.

Analgesic and decongestant combination (OTC)

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Helpful

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 5 studies with 1,627 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains and stuffy nose
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with analgesic and decongestant combination (e.g. ibuprofen and pseudoephedrine). 5 valid studies conducted, with 1,627 participants. Improves general feeling and reduces fever, pain, and blockage of the nose. Side effects seem minor, including dizziness that is relatively frequent.

Antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination (OTC)

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Helpful

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 4 studies with 760 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains, runny nose and stuffy nose
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination (e.g. Acetaminophen, Chlorpheniramine and Pseudoephedrine). 4 valid studies conducted, with 760 adults. Improves general feeling and reduces fever, pain, and cough. May slightly reduces runny nose and stuffy nose. Seems safe.

Antihistamine and decongestant combination (OTC)

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Insignificant

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 12 studies with 1,239 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | MILD BENEFITS for cough, general discomfort, runny nose, sneezing and stuffy nose
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with antihistamine and decongestant combination (e.g. triprolidine and pseudoephedrine). 12 valid studies conducted, with 1,239 individuals. Improves general feeling and may slightly reduce sneezing, cough, runny nose and stuffy nose . Side effects seem minor, and include dry mouth, insomnia and constipation.

NSAIDs (OTC)

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Mixed

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 9 studies with 1,069 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, pains and sneezing
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | DANGEROUS
Treatment with NSAIDs (e.g. Aspirin, Ibuprofen). 9 valid studies conducted, with 1,069 individuals. Reduces fever, pain and sneezing (but does not seem to reduce cough and runny nose) . Side effects seem minor, but long periods of usage may increase chances to heart attacks and strokes.

Garlic (food supplement)

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Ineffective

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 1 study with 146 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with garlic supplement (Allicin tablets). Only 1 valid studies conducted, with 146 adults. More research is needed, to determine benefits and risks. It does not influence the duration of Common Cold occurrences, and there is no proof that it helps any common Cold symptoms. Side effects seem minor.

Corticosteroids nasal spray (OTC)

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Ineffective

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 2 studies with 253 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Corticosteroids nose spray. 2 valid study conducted, with 253 adults. Does not relief Common Cold symptoms or their duration. Seems safe.

Vitamin C (vitamin)

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Ineffective

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 7 studies with 3,249 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with high dosage of Vitamin C supplement (Ascorbic acid tablets). 7 valid study conducted, with 3,249 individuals. Does not reduce cold symptoms and does not speed up recovery. Mild side effects include diarrhea, upset stomach. May cause kidney stones.

Echinacea (alternative medicine)

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Ineffective

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 14 studies with 2,924 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Echinacea extract (Purple coneflower). 14 studies conducted, with 2,924 adults. Does not reduce cold symptoms and does not speed up recovery. Mild side effects, including rash and upset stomach.

Antibiotics (RX)

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Damaging

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 4 studies with 891 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | DANGEROUS
treating with antibiotics (for example tetracycline). 4 studies conducted, with 891 adults. Does not reduce cold symptoms and does not speed up recovery. Major side effects, including diarrhea and antibiotics resistance.

Paracetamol (OTC)

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Unclear

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 4 studies with 758 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Paracetamol. 4 valid studies conducted, with 758 adults. Unclear impact. May relieve runny and stuffy nose, and does not relief sneezing and coughing. Side effects seem minor as long as you avoid overdose.

Steam inhalation (medical device)

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Unclear

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 6 studies with 394 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with steam inhalation. 6 valid studies conducted, with 394 adults. Unclear effectiveness due to inconsistent findings. Seems safe, may cause irritation of the nose.

Chinese herbs (alternative medicine)

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Unclear

Common Cold treatment in Adults with cold

Curefacts.com - Evidence icon EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 8 studies with 1,511 adults
Curefacts.com - Circle icon EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
Curefacts.com - Circle icon SAFETY | UNCLEAR SAFETY
Treatment with Chinese herbal preparations. 8 studies conducted, with 1,511 adults. Unclear effectiveness due to high risk of bias and inconsistent findings. Unclear safety.

Additional Information

Common Cold

Common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose. The throat, sinuses, and voice box may also be affected. Signs and symptoms may begin less than two days following exposure. They include coughing, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, headache, and fever. People usually recover in seven to ten days. Some symptoms may last up to three weeks. In those with other health problems, pneumonia may occasionally develop. (source)

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