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  • Analgesic and decongestant combination
  • Antihistamine and analgesic combination
  • Antihistamine and decongestant combination
  • Antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination
  • Corticosteroids nasal spray
  • NSAIDs
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Common Cold
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Treatments (OTC) for Treatment of Common Cold in Children With cold

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NSAIDs (OTC)


Helpful

Common Cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 9 studies with 1,069 children
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, pains and sneezing
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with NSAIDs (e.g. Aspirin, Ibuprofen). 9 valid studies conducted, with 1,069 individuals. Reduces fever, pain and sneezing (but does not seem to reduce cough and runny nose) . Side effects seem minor for children.

Antihistamine and analgesic combination (OTC)


Helpful

Common Cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 3 studies with 1,508 children
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains and sneezing
SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with Antihistamine and Analgesic OTC combination. 3 valid studies conducted, with 1,508 participants. It reduces fever, pain and perhaps sneezing, and improves general feeling (but does not seem to reduce cough, runny nose, and stuffy nose) . Side effects seem minor, but the treatment is very dangerous when not sticking to permitted age and dosage.

Analgesic and decongestant combination (OTC)


Helpful

Common Cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | POORLY TESTED - 1 study with 65 children
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains and stuffy nose
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with analgesic and decongestant combination (e.g. ibuprofen and pseudoephedrine). Only 1 valid clinical trial conducted, with 65 children. Improves general feeling and Reduces fever, pain, and blockage of the nose. Side effects seem minor, including dizziness that is relatively frequent.

Antihistamine and decongestant combination (OTC)


Insignificant

Common Cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 12 studies with 1,239 children
EFFECTIVENESS | MILD BENEFITS for cough, general discomfort, runny nose, sneezing and stuffy nose
SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with antihistamine and decongestant combination (e.g. triprolidine and pseudoephedrine). 12 valid studies conducted, with 1,239 adults and children. Improves general feeling and may slightly reduce sneezing, cough, runny nose and stuffy nose . Side effects seem minor, and include dry mouth and insomnia.

Antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination (OTC)


Mixed

Common Cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | POORLY TESTED - 1 study with 201 children
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever and pains
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination (e.g. Acetaminophen, Chlorpheniramine and Pseudoephedrine). Only 1 valid study conducted, with 201 children. Ineffective and unsafe for younger children. Seems safe, but no better than regular analgesic (e.g. Acetaminophen) for older children.

Corticosteroids nasal spray (OTC)


Unclear

Common Cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | POORLY TESTED - 1 study with 100 children
EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Corticosteroids nose spray. Only 1 valid study conducted, with 100 children. Unclear effectiveness due to high risk of bias in the trial. Seems safe, but long term usage and higher than the recommended dosage may delay children's' growth.

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Common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose. The throat, sinuses, and voice box may also be affected. Signs and symptoms may begin less than two days following exposure. They include coughing, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, headache, and fever. People usually recover in seven to ten days. Some symptoms may last up to three weeks. In those with other health problems, pneumonia may occasionally develop. (source)
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