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31 Results for
Treatments
  • All Treatments
  • Analgesic and decongestant combination
  • Antibiotics
  • Antihistamine and analgesic combination
  • Antihistamine and decongestant combination
  • Antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination
  • Chinese herbs
  • Corticosteroids nasal spray
  • Echinacea
  • Garlic
  • Ipratropium Bromide Nasal spray
  • NSAIDs
  • Paracetamol
  • Steam inhalation
  • Vitamin C
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Prevention and Treatment
  • Prevention and Treatment
  • Prevention
  • Treatment
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common cold
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Treatments for Prevention and Treatment of common cold in All Ages

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Ipratropium Bromide Nasal spray (RX)


Helpful

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 7 studies with 2,144 children
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for runny nose
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Ipratropium Bromide Nasal Spray. 7 valid studies conducted, with 2,144 individuals. Effective in relieving runny nose. Minor side effects include dry nose and bloody nose.

Ipratropium Bromide Nasal spray (RX)


Helpful

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 7 studies with 2,144 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for runny nose
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Ipratropium Bromide Nasal Spray. 7 valid studies conducted, with 2,144 individuals. Effective in relieving runny nose. Minor side effects include dry nose and bloody nose.

NSAIDs (OTC)


Helpful

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 9 studies with 1,069 children
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, pains and sneezing
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with NSAIDs (e.g. Aspirin, Ibuprofen). 9 valid studies conducted, with 1,069 individuals. Reduces fever, pain and sneezing (but does not seem to reduce cough and runny nose) . Side effects seem minor for children.

Antihistamine and analgesic combination (OTC)


Helpful

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 3 studies with 1,508 children
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains and sneezing
SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with Antihistamine and Analgesic OTC combination. 3 valid studies conducted, with 1,508 participants. It reduces fever, pain and perhaps sneezing, and improves general feeling (but does not seem to reduce cough, runny nose, and stuffy nose) . Side effects seem minor, but the treatment is very dangerous when not sticking to permitted age and dosage.

Antihistamine and analgesic combination (OTC)


Helpful

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 3 studies with 1,508 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains and sneezing
SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with Antihistamine and Analgesic OTC combination. 3 valid studies conducted, with 1,508 participants. Reduces fever, pain and perhaps sneezing, and improves general feeling (but does not seem to reduce cough, runny nose, and stuffy nose). Side effects seem minor, when sticking to recommended dosage.

Analgesic and decongestant combination (OTC)


Helpful

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | POORLY TESTED - 1 study with 65 children
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains and stuffy nose
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with analgesic and decongestant combination (e.g. ibuprofen and pseudoephedrine). Only 1 valid clinical trial conducted, with 65 children. Improves general feeling and Reduces fever, pain, and blockage of the nose. Side effects seem minor, including dizziness that is relatively frequent.

Analgesic and decongestant combination (OTC)


Helpful

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 5 studies with 1,627 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains and stuffy nose
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with analgesic and decongestant combination (e.g. ibuprofen and pseudoephedrine). 5 valid studies conducted, with 1,627 participants. Improves general feeling and reduces fever, pain, and blockage of the nose. Side effects seem minor, including dizziness that is relatively frequent.

Antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination (OTC)


Helpful

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 4 studies with 760 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, general discomfort, pains, runny nose and stuffy nose
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination (e.g. Acetaminophen, Chlorpheniramine and Pseudoephedrine). 4 valid studies conducted, with 760 adults. Improves general feeling and reduces fever, pain, and cough. May slightly reduces runny nose and stuffy nose. Seems safe.

Vitamin C (vitamin)


Helpful

common cold prevention in healthy Adults under extreme physical exercise

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 5 studies with 598 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE
SAFETY | SAFE
Prevention with Vitamin C supplement (Ascorbic acid tablets). 5 valid study conducted, with 598 individuals. Prevents 1 in 2 Common Cold cases for people under extreme physical excursive (marathon runners, skiers, soldiers). Seems safe.

Antihistamine and decongestant combination (OTC)


Insignificant

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 12 studies with 1,239 children
EFFECTIVENESS | MILD BENEFITS for cough, general discomfort, runny nose, sneezing and stuffy nose
SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with antihistamine and decongestant combination (e.g. triprolidine and pseudoephedrine). 12 valid studies conducted, with 1,239 adults and children. Improves general feeling and may slightly reduce sneezing, cough, runny nose and stuffy nose . Side effects seem minor, and include dry mouth and insomnia.

Antihistamine and decongestant combination (OTC)


Insignificant

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 12 studies with 1,239 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | MILD BENEFITS for cough, general discomfort, runny nose, sneezing and stuffy nose
SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with antihistamine and decongestant combination (e.g. triprolidine and pseudoephedrine). 12 valid studies conducted, with 1,239 individuals. Improves general feeling and may slightly reduce sneezing, cough, runny nose and stuffy nose . Side effects seem minor, and include dry mouth, insomnia and constipation.

Echinacea (alternative medicine)


Insignificant

common cold prevention in healthy Adults

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 10 studies with 1,822 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | NEGLIGIBLE BENEFITS
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Prevention with Echinacea extract (Purple coneflower). 10 studies conducted, with 1,822 adults. May prevent only 1 in 10 cold cases. Mild side effects, rash pretty common. Dangerous for people with allergy or asthma, and not recommended for long periods of time.

NSAIDs (OTC)


Mixed

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 9 studies with 1,069 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, pains and sneezing
SAFETY | DANGEREOUS
Treatment with NSAIDs (e.g. Aspirin, Ibuprofen). 9 valid studies conducted, with 1,069 individuals. Reduces fever, pain and sneezing (but does not seem to reduce cough and runny nose) . Side effects seem minor, but long periods of usage may increase chances to heart attacks and strokes.

Antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination (OTC)


Mixed

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | POORLY TESTED - 1 study with 201 children
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever and pains
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with antihistamine, analgesic and decongestant combination (e.g. Acetaminophen, Chlorpheniramine and Pseudoephedrine). Only 1 valid study conducted, with 201 children. Ineffective and unsafe for younger children. Seems safe, but no better than regular analgesic (e.g. Acetaminophen) for older children.

Garlic (food supplement)


Ineffective

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 1 study with 146 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with garlic supplement (Allicin tablets). Only 1 valid studies conducted, with 146 adults. More research is needed, to determine benefits and risks. It does not influence the duration of Common Cold occurrences, and there is no proof that it helps any common Cold symptoms. Side effects seem minor.

Corticosteroids nasal spray (OTC)


Ineffective

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 2 studies with 253 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Corticosteroids nose spray. 2 valid study conducted, with 253 adults. Does not relief Common Cold symptoms or their duration. Seems safe.

Vitamin C (vitamin)


Ineffective

common cold prevention in healthy Children

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 4 studies with 1,691 children
EFFECTIVENESS | NEGLIGIBLE BENEFITS
SAFETY | SAFE
Prevention with Vitamin C supplement (Ascorbic acid tablets). 4 valid study conducted, with 1,691 children. Prevents only 1 in 236 Common Cold cases, or less. May slightly reduce severity of cold and speed up recovery. Seems safe.

Vitamin C (vitamin)


Ineffective

common cold prevention in healthy Adults

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 20 studies with 9,017 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | NEGLIGIBLE BENEFITS
SAFETY | SAFE
Prevention with Vitamin C supplement (Ascorbic acid tablets). 20 valid study conducted, with 9,017 individuals. Has no preventive effect. May speed up recovery by 8%. Seems safe.

Vitamin C (vitamin)


Ineffective

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 7 studies with 3,249 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with high dosage of Vitamin C supplement (Ascorbic acid tablets). 7 valid study conducted, with 3,249 individuals. Does not reduce cold symptoms and does not speed up recovery. Mild side effects include diarrhea, upset stomach. May cause kidney stones.

Echinacea (alternative medicine)


Ineffective

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | POORLY TESTED - 1 study with 524 children
EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Echinacea extract (Purple coneflower). 1 study conducted, with 431 children. Does not reduce cold symptoms and does not speed up recovery. Mild side effects, rash pretty common. Dangerous for children with allergy.

Echinacea (alternative medicine)


Ineffective

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 14 studies with 2,924 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Echinacea extract (Purple coneflower). 14 studies conducted, with 2,924 adults. Does not reduce cold symptoms and does not speed up recovery. Mild side effects, including rash and upset stomach.

Antibiotics (RX)


Ineffective

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 2 studies with 449 children
EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
treating with antibiotics (for example tetracycline). 2 studies conducted, with 449 children. Does not reduce cold symptoms and does not speed up recovery. Mild side effects, including mainly diarrhea.

NSAIDs (OTC)


Damaging

common cold treatment in Seniors with cold

EVIDENCE | REASONABLY TESTED - 9 studies with 1,069 seniors
EFFECTIVENESS | EFFECTIVE for fever, pains and sneezing
SAFETY | DANGEREOUS
Treatment with NSAIDs (e.g. Aspirin, Ibuprofen). 9 valid studies conducted, with 1,069 individuals. Reduces fever, pain and sneezing (but does not seem to reduce cough and runny nose) . Side effects seem dangerous to seniors, including inner gastrointestinal bleeding and other serious bleeding events, and increased chances to peptic ulcers, kidney failure, heart attacks and strokes.

Antihistamine and decongestant combination (OTC)


Damaging

common cold treatment in Toddlers with cold

EVIDENCE | POORLY TESTED - 2 studies with 113 toddlers
EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
SAFETY | DANGEREOUS
Treatment with Antihistamine and decongestant combination (e.g. brompheniramine and phenylpropanolamine). 2 valid studies conducted, with 113 toddlers and young children. Does not relief symptoms of Common Cold. Dangerous and life threatening for toddlers.

Antibiotics (RX)


Damaging

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 4 studies with 891 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | INEFFECTIVE
SAFETY | DANGEREOUS
treating with antibiotics (for example tetracycline). 4 studies conducted, with 891 adults. Does not reduce cold symptoms and does not speed up recovery. Major side effects, including diarrhea and antibiotics resistance.

Paracetamol (OTC)


Unclear

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 4 studies with 758 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Paracetamol. 4 valid studies conducted, with 758 adults. Unclear impact. May relieve runny and stuffy nose, and does not relief sneezing and coughing. Side effects seem minor as long as you avoid overdose.

Garlic (food supplement)


Unclear

common cold prevention in healthy Adults

EVIDENCE | POORLY TESTED - 1 study with 146 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Prevention with garlic supplement (Allicin tablets). Only 1 valid study conducted, with 146 adults. More research is needed, to determine benefits and risks. May prevent Common Cold occurrences. Side effects seem minor.

Corticosteroids nasal spray (OTC)


Unclear

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | POORLY TESTED - 1 study with 100 children
EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
SAFETY | MILD RISKS
Treatment with Corticosteroids nose spray. Only 1 valid study conducted, with 100 children. Unclear effectiveness due to high risk of bias in the trial. Seems safe, but long term usage and higher than the recommended dosage may delay children's' growth.

Steam inhalation (medical device)


Unclear

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 6 studies with 394 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
SAFETY | PROBABLY SAFE
Treatment with steam inhalation. 6 valid studies conducted, with 394 adults. Unclear effectiveness due to inconsistent findings. Seems safe, may cause irritation of the nose.

Chinese herbs (alternative medicine)


Unclear

common cold treatment in Children with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 9 studies with 1,701 children
EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
SAFETY | UNCLEAR SAFETY
Treatment with Chinese herbal preparations. 9 studies conducted, with 1,701 children. Unclear effectiveness due to high risk of bias and inconsistent findings. Unclear safety.

Chinese herbs (alternative medicine)


Unclear

common cold treatment in Adults with cold

EVIDENCE | NEEDS MORE TESTING - 8 studies with 1,511 adults
EFFECTIVENESS | UNCLEAR
SAFETY | UNCLEAR SAFETY
Treatment with Chinese herbal preparations. 8 studies conducted, with 1,511 adults. Unclear effectiveness due to high risk of bias and inconsistent findings. Unclear safety.
Common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose. The throat, sinuses, and voice box may also be affected. Signs and symptoms may begin less than two days following exposure. They include coughing, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, headache, and fever. People usually recover in seven to ten days. Some symptoms may last up to three weeks. In those with other health problems, pneumonia may occasionally develop. (source)
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